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MA_BA_armistices_ep20

« 1918, armistice(s) », episode 20

MA BA Armistices 2101 300x175 « 1918, armistice(s) », episode 20 MA BA Armistices 2102 300x195 « 1918, armistice(s) », episode 20

Photograph published in Le Miroir. In the occupied sector, between Trier and Koblenz, under the control of the Americans, German parliamentarians come in recognizance to organise the delivery of war material. A young officer on a bicycle is wearing a white armband. The second rider holds a white flag. Several of the soldiers on horseback and on the hitched car smile at the photographer.  No weapon is visible, nor is the equipment to be delivered. © Paris, musée de l’Armée

British troops enter the German town of Eupen. A gun abandoned by German troops can be seen to the left of the image. © Paris, musée de l’Armée

MA BA Armistices 2103 300x234 « 1918, armistice(s) », episode 20German aircraft disassembled and delivered new to the Allies. Drawing by Raoul de Serres (1881-1971) © Paris, musée de l’Armée, dist. RMN-GP.

War repairs

Delivery and return of equipment

This aspect was crucial for the Allies and associates, as it was both about preventing Germany from returning to war, about starting to rebuild the devastated areas, and about ensuring everyone’s place in the economic recovery.

The 1918 Armistice Conventions contained all clauses relating to the return or delivery to the winners of materials related to war, transport, communications or agriculture. These clauses, military and naval, were detailed in particular in the armistice signed at Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918, between the Allied and associated powers and Austria-Hungary, and in the Rethondes armistice signed on 11 November 1918, on behalf of the Allied and associated powers.

The delivery of equipment and the demilitarisation of the German army, which began in December 1918, were thus subject to numerous clauses in the Rethondes Armistice Convention, some of which were even specified or modified in the extensions: 11 November 1918, articles IV, VI, VII, XXII, XXVIII; Annex 1, article III; Annex 2, articles II and IV; extension of 16 January 1919, article III. These clauses reveal both the difficulty of the Germans in meeting certain demands and that of the Allies and associates in agreeing on these questions. These differences are even more blatant with the peace treaties and, in particular, the Treaty of  Versailles.

Execution

Initially, German troops, who evacuated the occupied or invaded territories to return to Germany, abandoned military equipment for lack of time and resources.

Then, in accordance with the armistice clauses, the German High Command sent its men to hand over military vehicles, weapons and equipment to the Allies.  Thus, from as early as 4 December in Strasbourg, German officers delivered German army trucks to French officers.

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